Town hall, Shopping Center & The Cathedral

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Northern Ireland


Northern Ireland is situated on the island of Ireland and is governmentally part of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland has spectacular landscapes and scenery within its six counties known as Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Derry and Tyrone.

Regardless of its previous reputation as being violent and dangerous, the political state of affairs has evened out over the decade. Although a few extremist revolutionary organizations are still active, the country is much safer to visit than in the past.

Home to just over 1.8 million people, Northern Ireland has many cities and it’s capital city is called Belfast. Almost everyone in Northern Ireland speak standard English with the exception of a small number of individuals who speak Irish Gaelic and others old Celtic and Ulster Scots. Its currency is Great British Pounds (GBP).

Northern Ireland was formed in 1921 when the British government divided Ireland into two self-governing territories. The population of Northern Ireland is largely made up of two groups, Roman Catholics and Protestants.

Northern Ireland’s fairly distinct history first began back in the early 17th century, when after the suppression of an Irish rebellion, much of the land was seized by the British crown and surrounded with Scottish and English settlers. At the end of 1969 a split arose within the Irish Republican Army (IRA), which is the illegal military arm of the Sinn Fein party; the new “provisional” section of the IRA was made up of radical nationalists. In 1971 a policy began of imprisoning IRA and other militants. The IRA and Protestant terrorist groups continued with their violent activities.

In 1998 the Belfast Agreement also famously known as the ‘Good Friday Agreement‘ was signed and it had effectively brought an end to the Troubles, of which had raged within the country for thirty years. The agreement had established a cross-community consent for peace and the future ahead. Some violence carried on between the terrorist groups and finally ended in 2007 when British troops ended their military missions in Northern Ireland.

Newry


Newry is one of the five cities within Northern Ireland and is known as (Iúr Cinn Trá) in the Irish language. Newry was once named a Town until being granted the status of becoming a City in 2002. Newry is divided by the Clanrye river running through counties Armagh and Down.  This city is located almost on the border between the North and South of Ireland and is home to a population of around 26,967 individuals in 2011 and has been increasingly growing.

Originated in 1144, Newry is one of Irelands oldest towns. The city is known as the ‘Gateway to the North‘ due to being close to the border of the Republic of Ireland. Newry had seen several violent incidents during the conflict which was known as ‘The Troubles’ and this went on into the 90’s and up to 2010 with car bombs and bomb scares.

Economy of Newry


Newry has a reputation as one of the best regional shopping-towns in Northern Ireland, with the Buttercrane Centre and The Quays Newry attracting large numbers of shoppers from all over Ireland. Unemployment within the city of Newry has reduce over the years from being 26% in 1991 to hardly 2% at the start of 2008.

Shoppers from the Republic of Ireland had increasingly been crossing the border to Newry so that they could buy cheaper goods due to the difference with both currencies, this had begun around 2008. Newry was described as one of the best spots for shopping within the European Union open borders and a place where consumers could enjoy a discount of around 30% or more when using their Euros against the GBP.

Education


There are many Primary schools and Secondary schools within the city of Newry. After Secondary school students who attain good results can either study at a college called ‘Southern Regional College‘ or they can travel to universities all over Ireland and overseas, this is dependent on the grades that they achieve.

The Canal

At the heart of Newry there was a shipping canal built around the middle of the 19th century by two engineers Thomas Orme and Chris Myers. It was around sixty feet wide and twelve feet deep and was more than capable of handling vessels up to one hundred and fifty tons. After quite some time the canal was unfit for purpose due to developments that created more traffic and eventually could not handle larger ships within its narrow and quite shallow waterway.

The canal brought a large amount of importation to Northern Ireland and imported such materials as sugar, coal and timber and exported high amounts of agricultural produce. The canal continued business up until March 1974 when it then closed down. Afterwards all of the swinging bridges had to be renovated into fixed bridges.

Honourable Mentions

Newry is home to some of the most beautiful churches within Northern Ireland. The Newry Cathedral of Saint Patrick and Saint Colman is a Roman Catholic Cathedral and completed its build in 1829, it was completely built of local granite.

There is a civic building called the Town Hall and was built on a bridge over the Clanrye river in 1893.  The Town Hall was built for the needs of the people from the two counties within Newry; Armagh and Down. The World Wide famous band U2 played at the venue in 1980. To this day the Town Hall is used for all sorts of meetings, gatherings, art displays, musicals and youth clubs.

Furthermore, Newry is also the home of two of the world’s biggest companies called First Derivatives and Norbrook Laboratories.

Displayed below is a short video of Newry City:

Rory Carroll

Erasmus+ Trainee

From Newry, N.Ireland